How a Heat Pump Cools Your Home

In Albany, heat pumps can be a popular solution for heating and cooling your home.

They seem almost like an air conditioner. In actuality, they operate in a nearly identical way during the summer. Since they have a reversing valve, they can transfer heat in the opposite direction as well as add warmth to your home when temperatures drop.

Not sure if you have a heat pump or an air conditioner? All you need to do is find the model number on the outdoor unit and run it online. If it turns out you own a heat pump, or you’re considering buying one, find out how this HVAC equipment keeps homes cozy.

How Heat Pumps Run

Heat pumps use a refrigeration system similar to an air conditioner. Most can operate akin to a ductless mini-split, as they can heat and cool. Heat pumps depend on an indoor evaporator coil and an outdoor condensing coil. Refrigerant is moved through these coils to transfer humidity. The outdoor unit also has a compressor and is enclosed by metal fins that act as a heat sink to help move humidity properly.

Summertime Cooling

In cooling mode, the refrigerant begins in the evaporator coil. Air from within the house moves over the coil, and the refrigerant extracts warmth. Water in the air also condenses on the coil, falling into the condensate pan below and flows away. The resulting cold air flows through the ductwork and back into your house.

During this time, the refrigerant moves a compressor on its way to the outdoor coil. This compresses the refrigerant, leading it to warm up. As it flows through the condensing coil, the exterior fan and metal fins help to exhaust heat to the exterior. The refrigerant heads back indoors, traveling through an expansion valve that cools it considerably, readying it to begin the process from the beginning.

When your heat pump is put in and maintained correctly, you’ll receive efficient cooling similar to an energy-saving air conditioner.

Wintertime Heating

When your heat pump is set to heat, the heat exchange cycle happens in reverse. By traveling in the opposite direction, refrigerant removes heat from the outdoor air and adds it into your residence to warm rooms.

Heat pumps working in heating mode are most effective when the temperature is above freezing outside. If it gets too chilly, a backup electric resistance heater turns on to keep your residence cozy, but your heating bills go up as a result.

Heat pumps operate longer than furnaces because the air doesn’t turn as hot. This helps maintain a more balanced indoor temperature. Also, because heat pumps transfer hot air rather than making it from a fuel source, they can work well above 100% efficiency. You can anticipate 30–40% savings on your heating expenses by getting a heat pump.

Book Heat Pump Installation or Service Right Away

Heat pumps are a green choice and money-saving. They are an alternative to the standard AC/furnace configuration and should have the same amount of maintenance—one inspection in the spring and another in the fall.

If you’d like to install a heat pump, Roland J. Down Service Experts is the contractor to call. We’ll size and install your system to meet your heating and cooling demands. And then we’ll uphold our services with a 100% Satisfaction Guarantee* for a year. For more information, contact us at 518-417-2938 right away.

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